Triggered by the killing of Police George Floyd in Minneapolis on May 25, protests against racism in countries around the world, including the United Kingdom, France, Australia and New Zealand sweeps. On 7 June, the protesters in Bristol in southwest England, ripped a 125 year statue ago by the owner of slaves 17th century Edward Colston, before throwing the monument in the port city. Edward Colston involvement in the transatlantic slave trade, and since the death of thousands of people in Africa While some British politicians have condemned the action, the statue has been the center of the long-running dispute. Sunday’s events will now bring a new energy to the monuments efforts like Colston to-one to remove a lot of people see it as unnecessary and painful memories of past injustices. What happened to Edward Colston statue during protests? In a black screw Bristol march Matter June 7th protesters from a tarpaulin that had been placed in the city center for the duration of the demonstrations on the statue. The protesters had been thrown eggs on the cover. Video footage showed protesters rope around the bronze statue and upset to tie it with power to the ground. It ‘was then dragged along the road to the port of Bristol, where crowds of protesters threw the statue into the water. awesome pictures in the day showed signs that read “Black Lives Matter” and “Silence is violence” on the ground around the base, where the statue is located previously. Not everyone welcomed the removal of the statue protesters. “The PM, the strength of feeling fully understand this, but in this country where there is not, we have strong sense of democratic processes can solve these problems, and we need to keep the law,” said a spokesman Boris Johnson prime Minister. Activists say the previous attempts, the statue had not been able to remove. And in a statement, the International Slavery Museum Express (based in the northern city of Liverpool) support for the move. “The interpretation of Edward Colston was very controversial and offensive to many, and it is important to note that we are not in reducing clear history, but history.” Who was Edward Colston? Born in 1636 in Bristol, Colston was a merchant wealthy merchant who was involved in the Royal African Company, which held a monopoly on slaves from the west coast of America exchanged. The RAC is responsible for shipping the slaves men, women and children than any other company in the history of the transatlantic slave trade, transport close to 150,000 people between 1672 and early 1720, particularly in the British Caribbean. Colston quickly rose to the rank RAC. It is estimated that during his tenure as deputy governor of the company from 1680 to 1692 the RAC 84,500 African slaves were transported on ships to die with almost a quarter (19,300) of them before reaching the coast along the way. All slaves were branded on the chest with the initials of the RAC; even with one child in four children aged six years, to die on the road. Conditions on board ships were overcrowded and unhygienic, leading to the spread of deadly diseases. Later in his life, Colston left the RAC and was Member of Parliament for the Tories represent Bristol, where he led the city “right” to defend the African slave trade. In the last years of his life became a major investor in another society of slaves, the South Sea Company, which mostly occupied South. While Colston involvement with the SSC, its 1714-1720 thought the airline carried a estimated 15,931 people in Africa to slavery, with nearly 1 in 5 dies along the way. Bristol What was the history of the slave trade? As a port city of Bristol early history has always been linked to trading. The records of their involvement in the date of the slaves of the 11th century, when slaves were sold Irish and English. Increased Zuckerplantag in the Caribbean, and tobacco of Virginia and Maryland, fueled by slave labor demand in the mid-seventeenth century, and in the late 1730s, Bristol was the British port of the tracking line. The profits from the exploitation of African slaves laid the foundations for the physical parts of the architecture of the city, the wealth of the city built and enriched ordinary Bristolians banks and retailers. While there is uncertainty as to the exact proportion of wealth is Colston, who was a direct result of his time in the RAC, the story is closely linked to Bristol Colston heritage. During his later years Colston gave money for local hospices for the poor, churches, schools and hospitals in Bristol. In 1710 he founded Colston Hospital, known today, began as Colston school for boys as a religious school. After Colston in 1721 his will is dead, leaving $10 £ 71,000 for charity in Bristol and other parts of England, equivalent to several million in today’s money. The money was distributed by various companies that were founded in the name Colston after his death to help his reputation as a philanthropist to preserve, rather than a slave trader. The Society of venture traders, for example in the management of some of the charitable efforts that have involved Colston money helped create. to celebrate several annual ceremonies and services Colston life controversy has drawn in recent years, including a service to the Church in Bristol in 2017, the Anti-Slavery Day on October 18 it fell Why are the people Edward Colston Statue remove advertised? In recent years, more companies have called in Bristol Colston come under pressure to change their names because more attention drawn to his involvement in the slave trade. And several roads, services and local attractions deleted successfully name while a handful of campaigns, or keep it, he saw, including the concert hall, the artists boycotts, campaigns and petitions. In 2017 he announced Colston Hall would fall his name after weekend protests in 2020, and reiterated on Monday that would change the position of the name and pretend committed in this fall. The campaign, the statue is to remove the buildup in recent years is underway, with a petition for its thousands of signatures in recent weeks removal. homemade protest plaque has been added to in the past the statue, and in 2018 Bristol City Council has launched a project for a new badge Colston addressing additional role in the slave trade. However, this was also full of controversy. Some commentators have argued that it was less a plaque “corrective” and more than an attempt to rehabilitate the Colston history and said that the participation of society for participating merchants at the door to the reference to the specific language plaque failing to African slaves. What other monuments for debate Flashpoint now emerging? political condemnation of the events in Bristol yesterday did little to quell the organizers who have other controversial statues in the viewfinder. “Our impulses are democratic means using undemocratic turn of events to deal with,” the organizers Rhodes Leisure in Oxford waste time testified before a protest on Tuesday. The Rhodes must begin if the protest movement in South Africa in 2015, advertised as students at the University of Cape Town for the removal of a statue of the British imperialist Cecil Rhodes and the decolonization of education in the country. Rhodes was a powerful figure in South Africa during the late 19th century and founded the company with diamonds De Beers, which held a monopoly on the diamond world for 80 years. His racist opinions were immersed in the belief that white Europeans were superior to all other races, to announce that “I contend that we are the first race in the world, and that is the world we live in, the better it” Rhodes must spread to humanity. in 2015, with other universities in the country and falling movement of Oxford in the UK, where another statue of Rhodes stand out Oriel College. Inspired by the wider Black Lives Matter protests in recent weeks, and the fall of the statue in Bristol Colston on Sunday must Oxford Rhodes organizing the event said to have seen the opportunity to seize the moment and to rejuvenate their cause. The group also calls for reforms and Euro centric curricula to address the under-representation and welfare of blacks and ethnic minority students and staff for the university. “In 2015, when we started this movement especially here in Oxford, the political climate was different. But we see in 2020 we have the opportunity for people to change their minds on their positions to reflect and on the right side of history to reflect” , they say. In 2016, said Oriel College, which are not the statue of Rhodes, a decision that would eliminate the convicted activists. The university confirmed that he had been warned of the possibility that he would lose more than £ 100 million in donations, the statue should be taken down, but denied that this was the main reason for his decision. rekindle the movement contributed in the decolonize University campus for those campaigns in Oxford tomorrow, Sunday’s events in Bristol and the wider torque and more people have the chance to get involved to reflect and racist British and history racialized. “Racism has never finished and the legacy of colonialism have never left,” she said Rhodes has to fall in Oxford organizers. “The statue [of Cecil Rhodes] is a symbol. We can not do with racism as acts of isolated or left in history -. Is much in this” Other figures in the U.K. They have put to the test; a memorial in London to the former Prime Minister Winston Churchill on the weekend was graffitied with the words “he was a racist.” The Churchill’s legacy remains complicated in the UK, as some Herald him as a war hero, while his racist remarks and the fact that on it presided over a famine that killed 3 million people in India in 1943 to start another led him petitions of murals to remove and British banknotes. What’s up in Belgium? In Belgium on Sunday, anti-racist demonstrators video recordings showed a statue of King Leopold II in Brussels surrounded and sing for repairs; June 2 a bust of Leopold, in the city of Ghent has been blurred, smeared with red paint and covered with a sheet that “I can not breathe,” was read a reference to the last words of George Floyd, and another statue Leopoldo set fire to Antwerp in the following night. On June 9, the local media reported that the statue of Antwerp and videos on social media showed a crane to lift damaged the 147 years from its base stone monument. As King Leopold of Belgium 1865-1909 led the genocide of about 10 million people in the Congo Free State, where countless atrocities took place. “The protesters were shouting in King Leopold of doing an incredible job what it is: a colonizer and a genocider” says Adeola Aderemi, a scientist in Brussels and editor of taking Distinguished Diva Media. And while there parallels between the events of the weekend in the U.K. and Belgium are, some say that the consistent training and campaigns to Bristol Colston over inheritance are not quite the same dynamics in other parts of the world. “It had to be demolished, the statue of Colston and thrown into the dock, the perfect ending to this statue, but that happened only after people in Bristol knew the story that Colston was,” says Aderemi, adding that Belgium, country to understand colonial misdeeds are not mainstream, and the historical reputation of Leopold is largely positive. “If you take away the statue of Leopold, it does not take the story away. My suggestion would be to contextualize plaques contextualize the story, what he did Leopold in the main curriculum of Belgium, so that everyone has access to this information the Belgian students. They do not teach that history is window dressing “.
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