There is an awful lot of the summary just released a new UN report on biodiversity and the ecosystem. There is a tenfold increase in plastic pollution since 1980, for example. There are 400 million tons of heavy metals, toxic sludge and fertilizer runoff into the water cast every year around the world. E ‘doubling of gas emissions of greenhouse effect since 1980; spread the growth of industrial fishing, now more than 55% of the world’s oceans, loss of wetlands 85% since the beginning of the industrial era, and the 70% increase of invasive species in 21 countries. And then, finally, and perhaps most disturbing are the extinctions. Up to 1 million species of plants and animals now developed with extinction, according to the conclusions of the 455 experts and co-authors from 50 countries, which threatens the relationship for Science-Policy Platform Intergovernmental Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) agree within decades, including 40% of amphibians, 33% of marine mammals, and another 33% of the shark, reef-building corals and relatives. “Ecosystems, species, wild populations, local varieties and breeds of plants and domesticated animals are narrowed, deteriorating or disappearing,” said Professor Josef Settele, who led the panel together, which prepared the report in a statement. “What is essential, interconnected web of life on earth is getting smaller and increasingly frayed.” The report comes at a very inopportune time, for a number of reasons. First, the terms for the Aichi biodiversity targets, a series of 20 environmental targets to meet by 2020, approaches. The objectives set by the biological on the variety of the UN Convention, in Aichi meeting in 2011, in Japan, including the loss of natural habitat to halve, aquatic plants and fish sustainably manage to integrate the control of invasive species and measures relating biodiversity in the economic development plans. According to the report, significant progress has been made on only four goals; none is likely to be reached next year. Worse, while the Aichi agreements and other international environmental agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol, at least represent a global consensus on environmental efforts in 1997 and in 2015 the Paris Agreement, even now it seems out of reach, especially after the United States under the chairmanship of Donald Trump, retired from the Paris Pact in 2017 IPBES President Sir Robert Watson pointed out in the report that it is not too late to reverse environmental decline, “but only if we are now at all levels from local to global launch.” the “local to global” the idea is not just a slogan; is the nature of the central paradigm change, which is the ecosystem to stabilize essential, the report argues. Drainage, water protection, planning and fishing management of the landscape, after all, does not recognize political boundaries, let alone emissions in the air, or plastic pollution, ocean currents and submerged in fish and shellfish follows. Jane Goodall, renowned primatologist and conservationist, said in a statement on Monday that had she and other scientists warning about these terrible consequences for years: “Today’s UN report gives a clear warning – that we humans are threatening all life on planet earth media: up to 1 million plant and animal species are at risk and many disappear within decades. ” He added: “Every species has a role to play in the tapestry of life, and if we do not protect this biodiversity, if we continue to fall in most consumer pieces and natural resources to waste, the carpet is gradually.” What’s more, globalization and what it will be easier and easier for resources extracted in a part of the world for use as a “pair tele”, another of the authors have. This has long been a model for the global economy were, of course, with oil, diamonds, timber and other goods and raw materials pumped dismantled and poorer collected to enrich the already rich countries. But extracted annually with 60 billion tons of resources around the world, the economic pain of such an unequal system that has been felt mainly in the developing world is eclipsed environmental pain being felt around the world. Technology, said report co-chairman Eduardo S. Brondízio, “has in some cases reduced and increases the damage to nature in other cases.” There is little hyperventilating in the tone or the details of the report, which makes the results, without emotion or hyperbole, more frightening. The authors acknowledge that the climate and ecosystem degradation is not only the function of a current, it was clearly destructive. native species declined by 20% since 1900, although the loss has accelerated in recent decades. What’s more, the authors note, the loss extends from 680 known species of vertebrates all the way up to the 16th century, or more than 200 years before the industrial era. But our global highly mechanized, automated economy, not to mention the human population when it has more than doubled 3500-7200 million since 1900 has drastically our remittance destructive weight. Elegantly, he did not take the report authors so IPBES care usually a population closely in the polls like these are taken into account, but a population that has much to teach the rest of us: the indigenous people. Like all groups, of course, indigenous peoples make their mark on the land, but it left a slight mark from a gentle touch. About 25% of the global land mass of controlled indigenous groups and to write the authors of the country, “is under increasing pressure, but is generally declining less rapidly than in other countries.” Humanity receives from their current environment requires hole in determining policy giving this better stewards of the earth a more important role. “Regional and global scenarios,” write the authors, “would benefit from an explicit account of the views, perspectives and rights of indigenous peoples., And their knowledge and understanding of the major regions and ecosystems and future development paths desired. “the industrialized population that has made our current mess can not access the less industrialized countries, they are to be cleaned. E ‘already certain that many species will not survive the people’s government. We can not heal the planet fast, easy and inexpensive, but we can at least begin to solve.
Science > The UN has reported that 1 million species may become extinct. It shows how difficult it is to heal the planet Be